Questo articolo è in parte inglese in parte italiano.
Noi di Civiltà Scomparse abbiamo scoperto l’ esistenza di tre cicli storici diversi e collegati fra loro: uno di 87 anni, uno di 44-45 anni, uno di 25 anni attraverso i quali si verificano eventi storici simili fra loro a quelli del passato.
The United States presidential election of 2016 was the 58th and most recent quadrennial American presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. The Republican Party nominee, businessman Donald Trump, and his running mate, incumbent Governor of Indiana Mike Pence, defeated the Democratic Partynominee, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, and her running mate, incumbent Senator Tim Kaine. The US Elections Project estimates that 128.8 million Americans cast a ballot in 2016, out of 231 million eligible voters—a turnout rate of 55.6 percent. Trump is expected to take office as the 45th President on January 20, 2017; Mike Pence will take office as the 48th Vice President.
Businessman and reality television personality Donald Trump became the Republican Party‘s presidential nominee on July 19, 2016, after defeating U.S. Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, Governor of Ohio John Kasich, U.S. Senator Marco Rubio of Florida and other candidates in the Republican primary elections. Former Secretary of State and U.S. Senator from New York Hillary Clinton became the Democratic Party’s presidential nominee on July 26, 2016, after defeating U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont. Clinton had hoped to become the first female president of the United States.
Nel 1928 venne eletto un uomo dalla personalità e idee simili a quelle di Trump: Herbert Hoover.
” One of them is a free trade-wary millionaire and political neophyte who locked up the Republican presidential nomination with promises to make America great and to get the economy firing on all cylinders.
The other is Donald Trump. “
The United States presidential election of 1928 was the 36th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 6, 1928. Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover was nominated as the Republicancandidate, as incumbent President Calvin Coolidge chose not to run for a second full term. New York Governor Al Smith was the Democratic nominee. Hoover and Smith had been widely known as potential presidential candidates long before the campaign of 1928, and both were generally regarded as outstanding leaders. As each candidate was a newcomer to the presidential race, each presented in his person and record an appeal of unknown potency to the electorate. Each candidate also faced serious discontent within his party membership, and neither had the wholehearted support of his party organization.
In the end, the Republicans were identified with the booming economy of the 1920s, whereas Smith, a Roman Catholic, suffered politically from anti-Catholic prejudice, his anti-prohibitionist stance, and his association with the legacy of corruption of Tammany Hall. The result was a third consecutive Republican landslide. Hoover narrowly failed to carry a majority of former Confederate states, but nonetheless made substantial inroads in the traditionally Democratic Solid South.
This was the last election until 1952 in which a Republican won the White House.
Vediamo ora il paragone 1972 – 2016:
The United States presidential election of 1972 was the 47th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1972. The Democratic Party‘s nomination was eventually won by Senator George McGovern of South Dakota, who ran an anti-war campaign against incumbent Republican President Richard Nixon, but was handicapped by his outsider status, limited support from his own party, the perception of many voters that he was a left-wing extremist and the scandal that resulted from the stepping down of vice-presidential nominee Thomas Eagleton.
Furthermore, the Presidential term of 1973-1977 is notable for being the only one in American history in which both the original President and original Vice President would fail to finish the presidential term.
Vediamo ora il paragone 1992 – 2016:
The United States presidential election of 1992 was the 52nd quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 3, 1992. There were three major candidates: Incumbent RepublicanPresident George H. W. Bush; Democratic Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton, and independent Texas businessman Ross Perot.
Bush had alienated much of his conservative base by breaking his 1988 campaign pledge against raising taxes. The economy was in recession and Bush’s perceived greatest strength, foreign policy, was regarded as much less important following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the relatively peaceful climate in the Middle East after the defeat of Iraq in the Gulf War.
Clinton won a plurality in the popular vote, and a wide Electoral College margin. The election was a significant realigning election after three consecutive Republican landslides. Northeastern, Upper Midwest, and West Coast states which had previously been competitive began voting reliably Democratic. As of 2016, this is the most recent election in which an incumbent president was unseated, the previous one having been the 1980 election in which Ronald Reagan unseated then-incumbent Jimmy Carter.
Perot’s campaign took 18.9% of the vote, finishing second in Maine and Utah. This was noted for being the highest vote share of a third-party candidate since 1912, though he did not obtain any electoral votes.
Ora vediamo i personaggi di queste elezioni:
Herbert Hoover è una versione quasi identica di Trump: Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American politician who served as the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933. A Republican, as Secretary of Commerce in the 1920s he introduced Progressive Era themes of efficiency in the business community and provided government support for standardization, efficiency and international trade. As president from 1929 to 1933, his ambitious programs were overwhelmed by the Great Depression, that seemed to get worse every year despite the increasingly large-scale interventions he made in the economy. He was defeated in a landslide in 1932 by Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt, and spent the rest of his life as a conservative denouncing big government, liberalism and federal intervention in economic affairs, as Democrats repeatedly used his Depression record to attack conservatism and justify more regulation of the economy. In the presidential election of 1928, Hoover easily won the Republican nomination, despite having no elected-office experience.
When the Wall Street Crash of 1929 struck less than eight months after he took office, Hoover tried to combat the ensuing Great Depression in the United States with large-scale government public works projects such as the Hoover Dam, and calls on industry to keep wages high. He reluctantly approved the Smoot–Hawley Tariff, which sent foreign trade spiralling down. He believed it was essential to balance the budget despite falling tax revenue, so he raised the tax rates. The economy kept falling and unemployment rates rose to about 25%.
L’ avversario di Hoover nel 1928:
Alfred Emanuel “Al” Smith (December 30, 1873 – October 4, 1944) was an American statesman who was elected Governor of New York four times and was the Democratic U.S. presidential candidate in 1928. He was the foremost urban leader of the efficiency-oriented Progressive Movement and was noted for achieving a wide range of reforms as governor in the 1920s. He was also linked to the notorious Tammany Hall machine that controlled New York City’s politics; was a strong opponent of Prohibition, which he did not think could be enforced, and was the first Catholic nominee for President. His candidacy mobilized Catholic votes—especially of women, who had only recently received federal suffrage. It also brought out the anti-Catholic vote, which was strongest among white conservative Democrats in the South.
As a committed “wet” (anti-Prohibition) candidate, Smith attracted not only drinkers but also voters angered by the corruption and lawlessness that developed alongside prohibition. Many Protestants feared his candidacy, including German Lutherans and Southern Baptists, believing that the Catholic Church and the Pope would dictate his policies. Most importantly, this was a time of national prosperity under a Republican Presidency. Smith lost in a landslide to Republican Herbert Hoover, who gained electoral support from six southern states. Four years later Smith sought the 1932 nomination but was defeated by Franklin D. Roosevelt, his former ally and successor as New York Governor. Smith entered business in New York City and became an increasingly vocal opponent of Roosevelt’s New Deal.
Forse Trump sarà una rievocazione di Nixon?
Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was an American politician who served as the 37th President of the United States from 1969 until his resignation in 1974, when he became the only U.S. president to resign from office. He had previously served as a U.S. Representative and Senator from California and as the 36th Vice President of the United States from 1953 to 1961 under the Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Nixon ended American involvement in the war in Vietnam in 1973 and brought the American POWs home, and ended the military draft. Nixon’s visit to the People’s Republic of China in 1972 opened diplomatic relations between the two nations, and he initiated détente and the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviet Union the same year. His administration generally transferred power from Washington to the states. He imposed wage and price controls for a period of ninety days, enforced desegregation of Southern schools and established the Environmental Protection Agency. Nixon also presided over the Apollo 11 moon landing, which signaled the end of the moon race. He was reelected in one of the largest electoral landslides in U.S. history in 1972, when he defeated George McGovern.
The year 1973 saw an Arab oil embargo, gasoline rationing, and a continuing series of revelations about the Watergate scandal. The scandal escalated, costing Nixon much of his political support, and on August 9, 1974, he resigned in the face of almost certain impeachment and removal from office. After his resignation, he was issued a pardon by his successor, Gerald Ford. In retirement, Nixon’s work writing several books and undertaking of many foreign trips helped to rehabilitate his image. He suffered a debilitating stroke on April 18, 1994, and died four days later at the age of 81.
L’ avversario di Nixon nel 1972:
George Stanley McGovern (July 19, 1922 – October 21, 2012) was an American historian, author, U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election.
McGovern grew up in Mitchell, South Dakota, where he was a renowned debater. He volunteered for the U.S. Army Air Forcesupon the country’s entry into World War II and as a B-24 Liberator pilot flew 35 missions over German-occupied Europe. Among the medals bestowed upon him was a Distinguished Flying Cross for making a hazardous emergency landing of his damaged plane and saving his crew. After the war he gained degrees from Dakota Wesleyan University and Northwestern University, culminating in a PhD, and was a history professor. He was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1956 and re-elected in 1958. After a failed bid for the U.S. Senate in 1960, he was a successful candidate in 1962.
As a senator, McGovern was an exemplar of modern American liberalism. He became most known for his outspoken opposition to the growing U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. He staged a brief nomination run in the 1968 presidential election as a stand-in for the assassinated Robert F. Kennedy. The subsequent McGovern–Fraser Commission fundamentally altered the presidential nominating process, by greatly increasing the number of caucuses and primaries and reducing the influence of party insiders. The McGovern–Hatfield Amendment sought to end the Vietnam War by legislative means but was defeated in 1970 and 1971. McGovern’s long-shot, grassroots-based 1972 presidential campaign found triumph in gaining the Democratic nomination but left the party badly split ideologically, and the failed vice-presidential pick of Thomas Eagleton undermined McGovern’s credibility. In the general election McGovern lost to incumbent Richard Nixon in one of the biggest landslides in American electoral history. Re-elected Senator in 1968 and 1974, McGovern was defeated in a bid for a fourth term in 1980.
Throughout his career, McGovern was involved in issues related to agriculture, food, nutrition, and hunger.
E ora vediamo che Trump sembra essere l’ esatto opposto di Clinton:
Ma se la sua storia nei prossimi 4 anni seguisse la linea narrativa dei primi 4 anni di Clinton?
William Jefferson “Bill” Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III; August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Clinton was Governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and 1983 to 1992, and Arkansas Attorney General from 1977 to 1979. A member of the Democratic Party, ideologically Clinton was a New Democrat, and many of his policies reflected a centrist “Third Way” political philosophy.
Clinton was born and raised in Arkansas and is an alumnus of Georgetown University, where he was a member of Kappa Kappa Psiand the Phi Beta Kappa Society and earned a Rhodes Scholarship to attend the University of Oxford. Clinton is married to Hillary Clinton, who served as United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, who was a Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, and who was the Democratic nominee for President of the United States in 2016. Both Clintons earned law degrees from Yale Law School, where they met and began dating. As Governor of Arkansas, Clinton overhauled the state’s education system, and served as chairman of the National Governors Association.
Clinton was elected President in 1992, defeating incumbent George H. W. Bush. At age 46, Clinton was the third-youngest president, and the first from the Baby Boomer generation. Clinton presided over the longest period of peacetime economic expansion in American history, and signed into law the North American Free Trade Agreement. After failing to pass national health care reform, the Democratic House was ousted when the Republican Party won control of the Congress in 1994, for the first time in 40 years. Two years later, in 1996, Clinton became the first Democrat since Franklin D. Roosevelt to be elected to a second term. Clinton passed welfare reform and the State Children’s Health Insurance Program, providing health coverage for millions of children.
In 1998, Clinton was impeached by the House of Representatives for perjury before a grand jury and obstruction of justice during a lawsuit against him, both related to a scandal involving White House (and later Department of Defense) employee Monica Lewinsky. Clinton was acquitted by the U.S. Senate in 1999, and served his complete term of office. The Congressional Budget Office reported a budget surplus between the years 1998 and 2000, the last three years of Clinton’s presidency. In foreign policy, Clinton ordered U.S. military intervention in the Bosnia and Kosovo wars, signed the Iraq Liberation Act in opposition to Saddam Hussein, and participated in the 2000 Camp David Summit to advance the Israeli–Palestinian peace process.
Clinton left office with the highest end-of-office approval rating of any U.S. President since World War II. Since then, Clinton has been involved in public speaking and humanitarian work. Clinton created the William J. Clinton Foundation to address international causes, such as the prevention of AIDS and global warming. In 2004, Clinton published his autobiography My Life. Clinton has remained active in politics by campaigning for Democratic candidates, including his wife’s campaigns for the Democratic presidential nomination in 2008 and 2016, and Barack Obama‘s presidential campaigns in 2008 and 2012.
L’ avversario di Clinton nel 1992:
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who was the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993 and the 43rd Vice President of the United States from 1981 to 1989. A member of the U.S. Republican Party, he was previously a congressman, ambassador, and Director of Central Intelligence. He is the oldest living former President and Vice President. He is also the last living former President who is a veteran of World War II. Bush is often referred to as “George H. W. Bush”, “Bush 41”, “Bush the Elder”, or “George Bush Sr.” to distinguish him from his eldest son, George W. Bush, who was the 43rd President of the United States. Prior to his son’s presidency, he was known simply as George Bush or President Bush.
Bush was born in Milton, Massachusetts, to Prescott Bush and Dorothy Walker Bush. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, Bush postponed college, enlisted in the U.S. Navy on his 18th birthday, and became the youngest aviator in the U.S. Navy at the time. He served until the end of the war, then attended Yale University. Graduating in 1948, he moved his family to West Texasand entered the oil business, becoming a millionaire by the age of 40.
Bush became involved in politics soon after founding his own oil company, serving as a member of the House of Representativesand Director of Central Intelligence, among other positions. He failed to win the Republican nomination for President in 1980, but was chosen as a running mate by party nominee Ronald Reagan, and the two were elected. During his tenure, Bush headed administration task forces on deregulation and fighting the “War on Drugs“.
In 1988, Bush ran a successful campaign to succeed Reagan as President, defeating Democratic opponent Michael Dukakis. Foreign policy drove the Bush presidency: military operations were conducted in Panama and the Persian Gulf; the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, and the Soviet Union dissolved two years later. Domestically, Bush reneged on a 1988 campaign promise and, after a struggle with Congress, signed an increase in taxes that Congress had passed. In the wake of a weak recovery from an economic recession, along with continuing budget deficits and the controversy over his appointment of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court, he lost the 1992 presidential election to Democrat Bill Clinton.
Ora vediamo chi sono i personaggi che rievocano in qualche modo qualche aspetto biografico di Roosevelt, Clinton e Carter.
Come potrebbe essere la elezione statunitense del 2020? Guardiamo a quelle del 1932 1976 e 1996.
The United States presidential election of 1932 was the 37th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 1932. The election took place against the backdrop of the Great Depression that ruined the promises of incumbent President and Republican candidate Herbert Hoover to bring about a new era of prosperity. The Democratic nomination went to the well-known governor of the most populous state, New York’s Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had been reelected governor in a landslide in 1930. Roosevelt united all wings of his party, avoided divisive cultural issues, and brought in a leading Southern conservative as his running mate, House Speaker John Nance Garner of Texas.
Roosevelt repeatedly blamed Hoover for the Depression and worsening economy. With unemployment above 20% in 1932 alone, Hoover was remiss to defend his record, and Roosevelt promised recovery with a New Deal for the American people. Roosevelt won by a landslide in both the electoral and popular vote, receiving the highest percentage of the popular vote for a Democratic nominee. The election marked the effective end of the Fourth Party System, dominated by Republicans. Subsequent landslides in the 1934 mid-term elections and following presidential election two and four years later respectively, signified the commencement of the Fifth Party System, dominated by Roosevelt’s New Deal Coalition.
The United States presidential election of 1976 was the 48th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 2, 1976. The winner was the relatively unknown former Governor of Georgia Jimmy Carter, the Democratic candidate, over the incumbent President Gerald Ford, the Republican candidate.
President Richard Nixon had resigned in 1974 in the wake of the Watergate scandal, but before doing so, he appointed Ford as Vice President via the 25th Amendment after Spiro Agnew resigned in the light of a scandal that implicated him in receiving illegal bribes while serving as Governor of Maryland. Ford was thus the only sitting President who had never been elected to national office. Saddled with a poor economy, the fall of South Vietnam, and paying a heavy political price for his pardon of Nixon, Ford first faced serious opposition from within his own party, when he was challenged for the Republican Party’s nomination by former California governor and future President Ronald Reagan. The race was so close that Ford was unable to secure the nomination until the Party Convention. Carter, who was less well known than other Democratic hopefuls, ran as a Washington outsider and reformer. He narrowly won the election, becoming the first president elected from the Deep South since Zachary Taylor in 1848. The 1976 election was also the last election to date in which a Democratic candidate garnered Texas’ electoral votes. It was also a notable election as all four presidential and vice-presidential candidates would ultimately lose a presidential election.
The United States presidential election of 1996 was the 53rd quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 5, 1996. The contest was between the Democratic national ticket of President Bill Clinton from Arkansas and Vice President Al Gore from Tennessee and the Republican national ticket of former Senator Bob Dole of Kansas for President and former Housing Secretary Jack Kemp from New York for Vice President. Businessman Ross Perot ran as candidate for the Reform Party with economist Pat Choate as his running mate; he received less media attention and was excluded from the presidential debates and, while still obtaining substantial results for a third-party candidate, by U.S. standards, did not renew his success of the 1992 election. Turnout was registered at 49.0%, the lowest for a presidential election since 1924.
President Clinton’s chances of winning were initially considered slim in the middle of his term as his party had lost both the House and the Senate in 1994 for the first time in decades; he had reneged on promises to cut taxes and to reduce the deficit, enacted a Federal assault weapons ban, and had a failed healthcare reform initiative. He was able to regain ground as the economy began to recover from the early 1990s recession with a relatively stable world stage. He went on to win re-election with a substantial margin in the popular vote and electoral college. Despite Dole’s defeat, the Republican Party was able to maintain a majority in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Ecco i personaggi che rievocano aspetti biografici e forse politici dei tre personaggi:
( Ricordando che Clinton era stato definito il ” primo presidente nero ” perchè la sua vita da bianco sembrava essere quella dello stereotipo della vita di un nero…)
The United States presidential election of 2020, scheduled for Tuesday, November 3, 2020, will be the 59th quadrennial U.S. presidential election. Voters will select presidential electors who in turn will elect a new president and vice president through the electoral college. The series of presidential primary elections and caucuses are likely to be held during the first six months of 2020. This nominating process is also an indirect election, where voters cast ballots selecting a slate of delegates to a political party’s nominating convention, who then in turn elect their party’s presidential nominee.
Barring any change in circumstances, President Donald Trump, who was elected in 2016, will be eligible to seek re-election.
Figlio del musicista Laurdine “Pat” Patrick, si è laureato in legge all’università di Harvard nel 1978 ed ha esercitato la professione di avvocato. Sposato con Diane Patrick dal 1984, ha avuto con lei due figlie: Sarah e Katherine.
Patrick ha cominciato ad occuparsi di politica agli inizi degli anni novanta, quando Bill Clinton gli affidò la delega ai diritti civili. Successivamente ha intrapreso, con grande successo, la carriera imprenditoriale e manageriale.
Nel 2006 si candida come governatore del Massachusetts col Partito Democratico: vinte le elezioni primarie con il 49,57% dei voti, Patrick trionfò anche nelle consultazioni generali con il 55,6% dei consensi e divenne il 71° governatore dello Stato.
In vista delle elezioni presidenziali statunitensi del 2008 Patrick ha appoggiato la candidatura di Barack Obama. Il 2 novembre del 2010 si ricandida alla guida del Massachusetts e viene confermato nella carica con il 48,4% dei voti.
In seguito all’attentato alla Maratona di Boston del 15 aprile 2013 fu lo stesso governatore a rassicurare la popolazione con un comunicato stampa.
Born to and raised by a single mother – Come Clinton
Patrick was born, on July 31, 1956, in the South Side of Chicago, where his family resided in a two-bedroom apartment in the Robert Taylor Homes‘ housing projects. Patrick was born to his mother, Emily Mae (née Wintersmith), and his father, Laurdine “Pat” Patrick, a jazz musician in Sun Ra‘s band. In 1959, Patrick’s father abandoned their family in order to play music in New York City and because he had fathered a daughter, La’Shon Anthony, by another woman. Deval reportedly had a strained relationship with his father, who opposed his choice of high school, but they eventually reconciled. Patrick was raised by his mother, who traces her roots to American slaves in the American South, in the state of Kentucky. The family spent many months living on welfare.
John Hickenlooper (Narberth, 7 febbraio 1952) è un politico statunitense, governatore democratico del Colorado dal 2011.
Ricordiamo che Carter era una personalità poco conosciuta salita alla ribalta durante le elezioni.
John Wright Hickenlooper, Jr. (born February 7, 1952) is a member of the Democratic Party and the 42nd and current Governor of Colorado. Hickenlooper has served as governor since 2011. He serves as a member of the Western Governors’ Association,and was the chairman of the National Governors Association, from 2014-2015.
Born in Narberth, Pennsylvania, Hickenlooper is a graduate of Wesleyan University. After his career as a geologist, Hickenlooper entered a career in business and cofounded the Wynkoop Brewing Company in Denver. Hickenlooper was elected the 43rd mayor of Denver in 2003, serving two terms, until 2011.
He was raised by his mother after his father died when he was young.
Hickenlooper worked as a geologist in Colorado for Buckhorn Petroleum, in the early 1980s. With the decline of the local oil industry, Hickenlooper was laid off. Instead of moving away, he decided to start the Wynkoop Brewing Company brewpub in 1988.Wynkoop and a few other businesses contributed to the redevelopment of the LoDo area following the arrival of major league baseball to the neighborhood.
Come Clinton, aveva in mente una altra carriera prima di concentrarsi sulla politica.
Hickenlooper married Robin Pringle on January 16, 2016. His first wife, Helen Thorpe, is a writer whose work has been published in The New Yorker, New York Times Magazine, George, and Texas Monthly. In 2010, Hickenlooper told the Philadelphia Inquirer that he and Thorpe attended Quaker meetings and tried to live by Quaker values.Prior to the separation, they lived in Denver’s Park Hill neighborhood with their son, Teddy. Upon taking office as governor, Hickenlooper and his family decided to maintain their private residence instead of moving to the Colorado Governor’s Mansion. On July 31, 2012, Hickenlooper announced that he and Thorpe were separating after 10 years of marriage. Following his divorce, Hickenlooper moved into the Governor’s Mansion.
BILL DE BLASIO
Bill de Blasio, nato Warren Wilhelm Jr. (New York, 8 maggio 1961), è un politico statunitense del Partito Democratico, sindaco di New York dal 1 gennaio 2014.
Nasce a Manhattan, distretto della città di New York, da Warren Wilhelm e Maria De Blasio. Il padre, militare dislocato nell’Oceano Pacifico, aveva ascendenze tedesche mentre i nonni materni, Giovanni De Blasio e Anna Briganti, erano italiani.
De Blasio aveva sette anni quando suo padre, alcolizzato e fumatore accanito, andò via di casa creando i presupposti per il successivo divorzio ottenuto circa un anno dopo; il genitore finirà per suicidarsi nel 1979 con un colpo d’arma da fuoco all’esterno di un hotel.
Anche il padre di Bill Clinton aveva problemi con l’ alcool, e si suppone fosse violento alle volte, tanto che Clinton doveva intervenire per difendere la madre.
Socialista da giovane, De Blasio supportò, tra la fine degli anni ottanta e l’inizio della decade successiva, la lotta dei sandinisti in Nicaragua, combattuti dall’allora presidente statunitense Ronald Reagan. È poi stato consigliere del presidente statunitense Bill Clinton e dirigente della campagna elettorale del 2000 per il Senato degli Stati Uniti, risultata vincente, di sua moglie Hillary.Esponente dell’ala sinistra del Partito Democratico, De Blasio si definisce liberal e progressista.
Sposato dal 1994 con la poetessa afroamericana Chirlane McCray, attivista per i diritti degli omosessuali dichiaratamente lesbica nel periodo di nubilato precedente, fece il viaggio di nozze a Cuba nonostante l’embargo. Ha avuto da lei due figli, Dante e Chiara.
Timothy Eugene “Tim” Scott (Charleston, 19 settembre 1965) è un politico statunitense, attuale senatore per lo stato della Carolina del Sud e in precedenza membro della Camera dei Rappresentanti per lo stesso stato dal 2011 al 2013.
Nato a Charleston, Scott fu cresciuto da una madre single e dopo aver ottenuto un bachelor in scienze politiche lavorò come assicuratore.
Nel 1995 venne eletto come repubblicano all’interno del consiglio comunale di Charleston. Fu poi rieletto per altri due mandati nel 2000 e nel 2004. Nel 2009 approdò alla Camera dei Rappresentanti della Carolina del Sud e dopo un solo mandato nella legislatura statale, Scott si candidò a vicegovernatore.
Poco dopo tuttavia abbandonò la competizione, candidandosi invece al Congresso come deputato alla Camera. Scott venne eletto con un ampio margine, divenendo il primo afroamericano repubblicano eletto al Congresso dallo Stato della Carolina del Sud. Nel 2012 venne riconfermato per un altro mandato e pochi mesi dopo, quando il senatore Jim DeMint annunciò le proprie dimissioni, Scott venne scelto come suo sostituto dalla governatrice Nikki Haley.
Tim Scott si configura come un conservatore ed è un esponente del Tea Party; dopo la sua elezione ha rifiutato di aderire al Congressional Black Caucus.
Però: Scott is unmarried. He owns an insurance agency and he is also a partner in Pathway Real Estate Group, LLC. Scott is a devout evangelical Christian. He is a member of Seacoast Church, a large evangelical church in Charleston, and is a former member of that church’s board. Republican leadership has praised Scott’s background as an example of achieving the American dream according to a conservative model.[8
JON HUNTSMAN JR.
Jon Meade Huntsman, Jr. (Palo Alto, 26 marzo 1960) è un politico e diplomatico statunitense, ex-Governatore dello Utah ed ambasciatore in Cina dal 2009 al 2011.
Figlio dell’imprenditore miliardario Jon Huntsman, Sr. e nipote dell’Apostolo David Haight, dopo gli studi si recò come missionario mormone a Taiwan, dove imparò il cinese.
Nel 2004 fu eletto Governatore dello Utah con il 57% delle preferenze; quattro anni dopo fu rieletto per un secondo mandato con il 77.7% dei voti. Nel 2009 tuttavia rassegnò le dimissioni dopo essere stato nominato ambasciatore in Cina dal Presidente Obama.
Come governatore si è occupato di questioni come il controllo delle armi, l’omosessualità e l’ecologia. Per quanto riguarda le materie sociali, ha mantenuto una linea moderatamente conservatrice, per esempio schierandosi contro il matrimonio gay. Tuttavia ha dato il suo appoggio alle unioni civili.
Huntsman è sposato con Mary Kaye Cooper e la coppia ha sette figli, di cui cinque naturali e due adottate (Gracie Mei, dalla Cina e Asha Bharati, dall’India).
Il 1º febbraio del 2011 Huntsman rassegnò le dimissioni da ambasciatore e lasciò la sede diplomatica cinese ad aprile per dedicarsi completamente alla campagna elettorale in vista delle elezioni presidenziali del 2012.
Mostra interessi e talenti musicali come Clinton: He is a self-proclaimed fan of the progressive rock genre and played keyboards during high school in the band Wizard. On July 30, 2007, he attended a concert by progressive metal band Dream Theater. Later that day, Huntsman signed a proclamation creating “Dream Theater Day” on that date for the state of Utah. He also is a fan of avant-garde musician Captain Beefheart, citing Trout Mask Replica (1969) as his favorite album by Beefheart. Huntsman also joined REO Speedwagon on the piano for two songs during their concert at the Utah State Fair on September 16, 2005. Huntsman is a fan of riding motocross, and he helped in pushing outdoor sporting activities and outdoor tourism for the State of Utah.[1
Huntsman was brought up as a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS), and stated in a May 2011 interview with George Stephanopoulos of ABC News, “I believe in God. I’m a good Christian. I’m very proud of my Mormon heritage. I am Mormon.
Tutti gli occhi puntati su quest’ uomo: ha caratteristiche che replicano Roosevelt:
Gregory Wayne “Greg” Abbott (Wichita Falls, 13 novembre 1957) è un politico e avvocato statunitense, governatore repubblicanodel Texas dal 2015.
Abbott è nato a Wichita Falls, nel Texas. Sua madre, Doris Lechristia Jacks, era casalinga e suo padre, Calvin Roger Abbott, era un agente immobiliare. All’età di 6 anni si trasferisce con la famiglia a Longview, a est del Texas. Dopo aver iniziato la scuola media, lui e la sua famiglia si trasferisce a Duncanville, nella contea di Dallas. Al secondo anno di liceo, suo padre muore per un arresto cardiaco e la madre decide di seguire le orme del marito diventando un’agente immobiliare. Si è laureato alla Duncanville High School. Nel 1981 entra nel mondo della politica e intraprende i suoi studi all’Università di Austin, dove diventa membro della confraternita Delta Tau Delta e del club dei Giovani Repubblicani. Nel 1984 consegue la laurea J.D. all’Università di Nashville, nel Tennessee. Nello stesso anno rimane vittima di un incidente, nel quale una grossa quercia sarebbe crollata su di lui mentre faceva jogging a seguito di una tempesta, rendendolo paraplegico e costretto sulla sedia a rotelle. La sua carriera politica inizia a Houston, dove ha servito come giudice di Stato presso la Corte Distrettuale per tre anni.
Dal 1981, Abbott è sposato con Cecilia Phalen, figlia di immigrati messicani.
Abbott was born on November 13, 1957 in Wichita Falls, of English descent. His mother, the former Doris Lechristia Jacks, was a homemaker, and his father, Calvin Roger Abbott, was a stockbroker and insurance agent. When he was six years old they moved to Longview and the family lived in the East Texas city for six years.
At the beginning of junior high school, Abbott’s family moved to Duncanville. In his sophomore year in high school, his father died of a heart attack, and his mother went to work in a real estate office. He graduated from Duncanville High School. He was on the track team in high school and won every meet he entered his senior year. He was in the National Honor Society and was voted “Most Likely to Succeed”.
In 1981, he earned a Bachelor of Business Administration in finance from the University of Texas at Austin, where he was a member of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity and the Young Republicans’ Club. He met his wife, Cecilia Phelan, while attending UT Austin. In 1984, he earned his J.D. degree from the Vanderbilt University Law School in Nashville, Tennessee. He commented about his marriage, that “San Antonio is also where Cecilia and I got married at Our Lady of the Lake, 31 years ago. Our marriage wasn’t just the joining of two families. It was a uniting of cultures: My Anglo heritage and Cecilia’s Irish and Hispanic heritage. We may have come from different cultures but we realized that we share the same foundation: “Dos casas. Pero, una fundacion.”The story of my family is as old as the story of Texas itself: the uniting of cultures to create one unique people, Texans.”
He went into private practice, working for Butler and Binion, LLC between 1984 and 1992. Abbott’s political career began in Houston, where he served as a state trial judge in the 129th District Court for three years.
Abbott became a paraplegic when an oak tree fell on him while he was jogging following a storm in 1984. He had two steel rods implanted in his spine, underwent extensive rehabilitation at TIRR Memorial Hermann in Houston, and has used a wheelchair ever since.
Abbott, a Roman Catholic, is married to Mexican-American Cecilia Phalen Abbott, the granddaughter of Mexican immigrants. His election as governor of Texas makes her the first Latina to be the First Lady of Texas since Texas joined the union. They have one adopted daughter, Audrey. They were married in San Antonio in 1981.She is a former school teacher and principal. He is the first elected governor of a U.S. state to use a wheelchair since George Wallace of Alabama, 1983–87.
Abbott knows some Spanish but is not fluent in the language.[
Cory Anthony Booker (Washington, 27 aprile 1969) è un politico statunitense senatore per lo stato del New Jersey negli Stati Uniti D’America.
Politico del Partito Democratico, attivista comunitario, ex consigliere comunale di Newark, ha concorso, senza successo, alla carica di sindaco nel 2002 contro il sindaco “storico”, Sharpe James. Booker si è candidato nuovamente nel 2006, vincendo contro Ronald Rice e diventando il trentaseiesimo sindaco di Newark.
Booker è un laureato del Stanford University, l’Università di Oxford (come un Rhodes Scholar presso il The Queen’s College), e Yale Law School.
Booker began his political career as a Newark city councilor from 1998 to 2002. He ran for mayor in 2002, but lost to incumbentSharpe James; he ran again in 2006 and won against deputy mayor Ronald Rice. During his tenure as mayor, Booker’s priorities were reducing crime and encouraging economic development projects. He gained a national reputation for his personal involvement in public service, particularly through his use of social media tools such as Twitter to connect with constituents.
Considered one of the most prominent Democrats in New Jersey, he became a candidate for the United States Senate in the 2013 special election to succeed Frank Lautenberg, who died in office. He won the Senate Democratic primary on August 13, 2013, and then won the general election against Steve Lonegan on October 16, 2013, becoming the first black U.S. Senator from New Jersey. Booker subsequently won the next regular election for the Senate seat against Jeff Bell in 2014.
Booker was born on April 27, 1969, in Washington, D.C., and grew up in Harrington Park, New Jersey, 20 miles (32 km) north of Newark, New Jersey. His parents, Carolyn Rose (née Jordan) and Cary Alfred Booker, were among the first black executives at IBM. Booker has stated that he was raised in a religious household, and that he and his family attended a small African Methodist Episcopal Church in New Jersey. One of Booker’s maternal great-grandfathers was white, and Booker also has other European and Native American ancestry.
Booker regularly exercises and has been a vegetarian since 1992, when he was a student at Oxford. He abstains from alcohol and “has no known vices or addictions” other than books and coffee. In 2014, Booker began practicing a vegan diet and has expressed his vegan ethical philosophy and advocacy for animals.
Booker has never been married, and in 2013 he was named one of Town & Country’’s “Top 40 Bachelors”.
Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr., detto Joe (Scranton, 20 novembre 1942), è un politico statunitense, 47° vicepresidente degli Stati Uniti.
Laureato in giurisprudenza nel 1965 a Newark, ha conseguito la specializzazione in legge nel 1968 a Syracuse, New York, per poi essere ammesso nell’albo degli avvocati nel 1969 esercitando per un breve periodo e con scarso successo. Di religione cattolica, nel 1966 si sposò con Neilia Hunter e con lei ebbe tre figli: Beau Biden (che ha seguito le orme paterne diventando anch’egli politico), Robert ed Amy, la figlia minore. Nel 1972 i suoi familiari ebbero un terribile incidente stradale: la moglie Neilia e la figlia Amy morirono mentre Beau e Robert rimasero seriamente infortunati.
Il figlio Beau è morto il 30 maggio del 2015, a 46 anni per un tumore al cervello.
Nel 1988 si candidò alle primarie presidenziali democratiche, dichiarando di ispirarsi al modello laburista di Neil Kinnock, ma nelle consultazioni venne sconfitto da Michael Dukakis. Nel 2004 fu tentato dal candidarsi nuovamente alle primarie, ma alla fine rinunciò all’intento dichiarando di non essere disponibile nemmeno per fare il vice di John Kerry (per questo ruolo Biden suggerì al collega del Massachusetts il senatore John McCain, pur essendo quest’ultimo repubblicano).
Il 7 gennaio del 2007 ha dichiarato in un’intervista televisiva di volersi presentare alle primarie del 2008 e il 30 gennaio dello stesso anno è stato ufficialmente iscritto nell’elenco dei candidati.
Il 4 gennaio del 2008, al termine del caucus dell’Iowa (primo test elettorale delle primarie) ha annunciato di volersi ritirare dalla competizione a causa dello scarso risultato ottenuto (0,93%), ma il 22 agosto Barack Obama, il candidato alle elezioni presidenziali del 2008 per il Partito Democratico, ha annunciato che Joe Biden sarebbe stato il suo vicepresidente. Con l’elezione di Barack Obama, Joe Biden è divenuto vicepresidente degli Stati Uniti il 20 gennaio 2009, il primo cattolico a ricoprire la carica.
Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, in 1942, and lived there for ten years before moving to Delaware. He became an attorney in 1969, and was elected to the New Castle County council in 1970. Biden was first elected to the Senate in 1972, and became the sixth-youngest senator in U.S. history. He was re-elected to the Senate six times, and was the fourth most senior senator at the time of his resignation to assume the Vice Presidency in 2009. Biden was a long-time member and former chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee. He opposed the Gulf War in 1991, but advocated U.S. and NATO intervention in the Bosnian War in 1994 and 1995. Biden voted in favor of the resolution authorizing the Iraq War in 2002, but opposed the surge of U.S. troops in 2007. He has also served as chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, dealing with issues related to drug policy, crime prevention, and civil liberties, and led the legislative efforts for creation of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, and the Violence Against Women Act. He chaired the Judiciary Committee during the contentious U.S. Supreme Court nominations of Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas.
Biden unsuccessfully sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and in 2008, both times dropping out early in the race. In the 2008 U.S. presidential election, Barack Obama chose Biden to be his running mate in the race, which they won. Biden became the first Roman Catholic, and the first Delawarean, to be Vice President of the United States.
As Vice President in the Obama administration, Biden oversaw the infrastructure spending aimed at counteracting the Great Recession, and U.S. policy toward Iraq up until the withdrawal of U.S. troops in 2011. His ability to negotiate with congressional Republicans helped bring about legislation such as the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 that resolved a taxation deadlock, the Budget Control Act of 2011 that resolved that year’s debt ceiling crisis, and the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 that addressed the impending “fiscal cliff“. In 2011, Biden opposed going ahead with the military mission that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden. Obama and Biden were re-elected in 2012. In October 2015, after months of speculation, Biden chose not to run for President of the United States in 2016.[
Kamala Harris (; born October 20, 1964) is an American lawyer, politician, and member of the Democratic Party, who has been the 32nd and current Attorney General of California since 2011.
Harris graduated from Howard University and University of California, Hastings College of the Law. She worked as a Deputy District Attorney in Alameda County, California, from 1990 to 1998. She served as Managing Attorney of the Career Criminal Unit in the San Francisco District Attorney’s Office, from 1998 to 2000, and as Chief of the Community and Neighborhood Division in the office of San Francisco City Attorney, from 2000 to 2003. In 2003, she was elected District Attorney of San Francisco, defeating incumbent Terence Hallinan. She was re-elected in 2007 and served from 2004 to 2011.
Harris was elected California’s Attorney General in 2010 and was re-elected in 2014. Harris is the first female, the first African-American, the first Indian-American, and the first Asian-American attorney general in California. On November 8, 2016, she became the first Indian-American and second African-American female to serve in the United States Senate, defeating Loretta Sanchez in the 2016 election to replace outgoing Democratic senator Barbara Boxer.
Harris was born in Oakland, California. She is the daughter of an Indian-American mother, Dr. Shyamala Gopalan Harris, a breast cancer specialist, who immigrated from Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, in 1960, and a Jamaican-American father, Donald Harris, a Stanford University economics professor. She has one younger sister, Maya, who is now married to Tony West, a former Associate Attorney General of the United States. Kamala’s parents divorced when she was young.
Her mother had primary custody of the two girls, who were raised in Berkeley, California; Oakland; and Montreal, Quebec, Canada, where their mother took a position doing research at the Jewish General Hospital and teaching at McGill University. Harris’s mother died in 2009. In Berkeley, the family lived in a black neighborhood and the girls sang in a Baptist choir.
After graduating from Westmount High School, Harris attended Howard University in Washington, D.C., where she joined the Alpha Chapter of Alpha Kappa Alpha sorority, and received her Juris Doctor (J.D.) from University of California, Hastings College of the Law in 1989. Harris failed the California bar exam her first time, later observing, “it’s not a measure of your capacity.” She was admitted to the State Bar of California in 1990.
While she was an Alameda County Deputy District Attorney in the 1990s, she dated Willie Brown, the Speaker of the California State Assembly. They broke up shortly after he was elected Mayor of San Francisco.
On April 7, 2014, Harris announced that she was engaged to be married to California attorney Douglas Emhoff, the partner-in-charge at Venable LLP‘s Los Angeles office.They married on August 22, 2014 in Santa Barbara, California.[12